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A social challenge: the growing share of the elderly living alone at home

Updated: Mar 17, 2023

As the population ages and life expectancy increases, a growing number of elderly people are living alone at home. While this can offer independence and autonomy, it can also create several social challenges.

A growing share of the population

The share of the population living alone at home varies greatly depending on factors such as geography, culture, and socioeconomic status. In many developed countries, the aging population and declining birth rates have contributed to an increase in the number of elderly people living alone. The share of this population varies greatly depending on factors such as geography, culture, and socioeconomic status.

For example, in the United States, it is estimated that around 28% of people aged 65 and over live alone, while in the United Kingdom, the figure is around 29%. In countries with lower life expectancies, such as India and Nigeria, the proportion of elderly people living alone is much lower.

The numbers are also influenced by cultural attitudes towards aging and family structures, as well as the availability of support networks and healthcare systems. In some cultures, elderly people are more likely to live with their families, while in others, they may be more likely to live alone.

The challenges

Elderly people living alone may experience feelings of isolation and loneliness, which can have severe consequences for their physical and mental health. Without a support network of family and friends, they may struggle to manage daily tasks, such as shopping, cooking, and cleaning. Many have limited financial resources, which can make it difficult for them to pay for necessities and healthcare. They are also vulnerable to crime, accidents, and health emergencies and may not have someone to rely on for help in such situations. They also have limited opportunities for social interaction and stimulation, which can lead to boredom and depression.

Relatives who are still working and trying to care for elderly relatives living alone at home can also face many challenges. Some of the most difficult things include:

  1. Balancing work and caregiving responsibilities: Caring for an elderly relative can be time-consuming and demanding, and it can be difficult to balance these responsibilities with work and other personal commitments.

  2. Physical and emotional strain: Caring for an elderly relative can be physically and emotionally draining and can take a toll on the caregiver's health and well-being.

  3. Distance and access to resources: If the elderly relative lives far away, it can be difficult to provide regular support and assistance. In addition, access to healthcare, social services, and other resources may be limited in some areas.

  4. Financial burden: Caring for an elderly relative can be expensive, mainly if the relative requires specialized care or medical treatment. This can place a significant financial strain on the caregiver.

  5. Lack of support: Caregiving can be a lonely and isolating experience, and caregivers may feel that they are shouldering the responsibility on their own without adequate support from other family members or the community.

Overcoming obstacles

To mitigate these challenges, caregivers need to reach out for help and support, whether from family, friends, or community organizations. In addition, many employers offer flexible work arrangements, such as telecommuting and reduced hours, to support employees who are also caregiving. And government and non-profit organizations may provide financial assistance, respite care, and other support to help lighten the burden of caregiving.

Supporting the elderly, not only their relatives, will require a concerted effort by governments, communities, and families through measures such as improved access to healthcare and social services, increased opportunities for social interaction, and more significant financial support. Technology has the potential to play a significant role in supporting the growing elderly population, particularly those who are living alone or have limited support networks.

Technology can also help

Some examples of how technology can help include:

  1. Telehealth: Telehealth technology allows elderly people to receive medical consultations and monitoring from the comfort of their own homes, reducing the need for in-person visits to healthcare providers.

  2. Home safety technology: Devices such as fall detectors, medical alert systems, and GPS-enabled wearable devices can help elderly people living alone feel safer and more secure and can provide a quick response in the event of an emergency.

  3. Social connections: Technology can help elderly people stay connected with family, friends, and their community through video calls, online messaging, and social media.

  4. Home automation: Home automation systems can make it easier for elderly people to manage their homes by allowing them to control lighting, temperature, and appliances remotely.

  5. Home care assistance: Robotics and artificial intelligence technology can provide assistance with tasks such as meal preparation, cleaning, and medication reminders, helping elderly people to live more independently.

However, it's important to note that technology is not a solution in itself and that access to technology, as well as the ability to use it, can be limited for some elderly people. It's also essential to ensure that the privacy and security of elderly people are protected when using technology to support their care and well-being.


CleverGuard brings insights into seniors’ habit changes in a non-intrusive way, supporting them to stay longer at home independently and fostering meaningful discussions between seniors and their carers.

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